Why are biocompatible dental products important in Dentistry?

Dentistry involves a lot of foreign materials as fillings or cement for the treatment of the tooth. There are possible ways to use biocompatible fillings and cement to be used for restorative procedures. 

Biocompatible dentistry involves the dental procedures that deal with organic chemicals that affect the entire body as a whole. As both the things are connected with the nature of the body, it is important to make sure it is not allergic. Biocompatible dentistry is also known as holistic dentistry.

The dentists practising biocompatible dentistry have an idea that the artificial fillings and cement have the composition of the harmful and toxic materials like mercury, fluoride, etc which might harm the body. Whereas biocompatible products are the products that are organic and do not have any adverse effect on the body. 

Mercury is treated to be one of the most harmful materials which could lead to infection, heart stroke, immune system reactivity and various other health issues along with the dental issues. Therefore, the dentists also perform a compatibility test to make sure the substances do not react to the patient’s body. The usage of serum blood sensitivity to test or to check the materials that are least reactive to the patient’s body, especially for the procedures like composite fillings, crowns, bridges and denture materials and cement. 

The reaction of several composites have lead a few dentists to avoid Root Canal Treatment, as they believe that it is impossible to sterilize the tooth and the canal after it is cleaned. There are a few of assumption that the wastes from the tooth harm the body to a larger extent which is why they prefer to treat it without the usage of artificial or chemical-based amalgams or fillings.

FAQs related to biocompatible dentistry:

Q1. Why is biocompatible dentistry important?
A. Biocompatible dentistry helps in avoiding the unnecessary reactions that affect the patient’s health due to the chemicals used for dental procedures. It could be an amalgam, filling or cement. 

Q2. What is a compatibility test for dentistry?

A. A compatibility test is a blood test that a dentist performs before treating a patient to make sure that the patient does not come across any reaction due to the materials used in the treatment. Many people have sensitivities and allergies to the materials used for dental crowns, bridges, RCT or fillings.

Q3. What is the difference between traditional and holistic dentistry?

A. Traditional dentistry involves the usage of harmful chemicals like mercury in the dental procedures that might harm the tooth and the patient’s health whereas holistic dentistry involves the removal of harmful substances or not using any chemicals that are harmful for the patient’s health.

Q4. What are the side-effects of the usage of mercury in dental procedures?

A. There are various short-term and long-term effects of mercury such as:

Short-term side-effects:

  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Headache

Long-term side-effects:

  • Appetite loss
  • Fatigue
  • Tremors 

However, the side-effects might vary from person to person. 

Q5. What are the biocompatible alternatives to harmful chemicals?

A. The advanced technology has introduced 3D printed compatible dental restorations that help in avoiding the usage of chemicals.

Q6. Why the usage of mercury concerns the patients and the dentists?

A. Mercury is a very toxic and non-radioactive element as compared to other harmful chemicals like arsenic and lead. The presence of mercury is more than 50% in the amalgams (especially silver fillings or amalgams) it affects the health of the patients. 

According to the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (IAOMT), mercury exposure is never safe. Therefore to take proper precautions to make treatments mercury-safe.

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